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Accession number FIC.11
Object Name Manuscript
Title Soviet Jewry Collection
Collection Soviet Jewry Collection
Date 1980-1997
Scope & Content The materials in this collection were gathered from several Soviet Jewry campaign, mainly Operation Exodus and Passage to Freedom. Program materials aimed at Soviet Jews in Detroit are also included. Photographs relating to Operation Exodus and Passage to Freedom are included in Box 3. Of particular note are photographs of Leon Uris.
Admin/Biographical History Soviet Jews, long silenced by censorship and isolation, sought freedom of religious beliefs by leaving the Soviet Union. The Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Detroit (formerly the Jewish Welfare Federation) long supported Jews from the former Soviet Union in their struggle for freedom by participating in a variety of projects and fundraising.

In 1989, the Soviet government agreed to let Jews emigrate, and hundreds of Jews were leaving the Soviet Union daily. The United Jewish Appeal (UJA)/Federation instituted the Passage to Freedom Campaign for Soviet Jewry aimed at helping the Soviet Jews resettle in Israel and the United States.

Operation Exodus, initiated by the UJA in 1990 and supported by local Federations throughout the country, helped Jews from the former Soviet Union resettle in Israel.

With a number of Soviet Jews also immigrating to Detroit, Federation and its agencies developed programs to help with assimilation.

In 1996-97, an oral history project was initiated to record the memories of Soviet Jews during World War II.
Extent of Description 1 Linear Feet
Three Manuscript Boxes
Credit line Leonard N. Simons Jewish Community Archives
Search Terms Soviet Jewry
Passage to Freedom
Operation Exodus
People Uris, Leon
Finding Aid Click here to view Finding Aid.